Chinese Zero to Hero

Ultimate Chinese Grammar Cheatsheet

Here is a list of all grammar notes from HSK 1 to 6 included in the HSK Standard Course textbooks, as covered by our video courses, plus a few we added based on the official HSK grammar list from CLT Guides.

Download the list as a CSV, Apple Numbers file (recommended), or Microsoft Excel file 🤦‍♂️.

Lesson Structure English Example Example Translation
1.03.1
什么
what
这是什么?
What is this?
1.03.1
什么 N
what kind of N
那是什么书?
What book is that?
1.03.2
不是
not to be
不是美国人。
I am not an American.
1.03.2
to be
老师。
She is a teacher.
1.03.3
?
right?
你是老师?
You’re a teacher, right?
1.04.1
who
她是?
Who is she?
1.04.1
M N
which N
个人?
Which person?
1.04.2
()
’s
她是我 () 老师。
She is my teacher.
1.04.3
N ?
what about N?
我是中国人,你?
I am Chinese, what about you?
1.05.1
M N
how many N
你有个汉语老师?
How many teachers do you have?
1.05.2
九十九
1 ~ 99
九十
1 - 99
1.05.3
AGE
became AGE
我40岁
I’m 40 years old.
1.05.4
多大
how old
你女儿多大了?
How old is your daughter?
1.06.1
V
know how to V
写。
I know how to write.
1.06.2
very
I am good.
1.06.3
怎么 V
how to V
这个怎么读?
How do you read this?
1.07.1
/星期
(telling dates)
/星期
Thursday September 2
1.07.2
(omitting 是)
我汉语老师33岁。
My Chinese teacher is 33.
1.07.3
PLACE V
go to PLACE to do V
学校学习。
I go to school to study.
1.08.1
to want
看书
I want to read books.
1.08.2
多少 N
how much N
你有多少汉语老师?
How many Chinese teachers do you have?
1.08.3
(measure word)
学生
5 students
1.08.3
(measure word)
我家有五人。
There are 5 people in our family.
1.08.4
(currency)
one yuan
1.09.1
at
椅子下面
He’s under the chair.
1.09.2
哪儿
where
我的杯子在哪儿?
Where is my cup?
1.09.3
PLACE V
V at PLACE
朋友家喝茶。
I am having tea at my friend’s home.
1.09.4
Q
I wonder
他在哪儿?
Where is he, I wonder?
1.09.4
N
where is N
我的杯子?
Where is my cup?
1.10.1
PLACE N
there is N at PLACE
椅子下面一只小狗
There is a dog under the chair.
1.10.1
PLACE 没有 N
there isn’t N at PLACE
这儿没有人。
There isn’t anyone here.
1.10.2
and
爸爸、妈妈
dad, mom and I
1.10.3
can
坐这儿吗?。
Can I sit here?
1.10.4
V
please V
坐。
Please sit.
1.11.1
# #
# hour # minute
十一
11:10
1.11.1
上午下午
AM/PM
下午三点十分
3:10 PM
1.11.2
S TIME V
(time phrase)
妈妈六点做饭。
Mom cooks at six.
1.11.2
TIME S V
(time phrase)
七点我吃饭。
I eat at seven.
1.11.3
TIME
before TIME
星期五
before Friday
1.11.3
DURATION
DURATION ago
一个星期
a week ago
1.12.1
N 怎么样
how is N?
你的汉语怎么样
How is your Chinese?
1.12.2
()
(omission of 的)
我身体不太好。
My health isn’t very good.
1.12.3
A ()
too A
天气冷 ()。
The weather’s too cold.
1.12.3
() A
not too A
我身体好。
My health is not too good.
1.12.4
V
will V
回家吗?
Will you come home?
1.13.1
hello
,李老师在家吗?
Hello, is Teacher Li home?
1.13.2
V ()
V-ing
睡觉 ()。
I’m sleeping.
1.13.2
V ()
not V-ing
他们看电视 ()。
They’re not watching TV.
1.13.3
1 (yāo)
(1 in telephony)
138-0156-7749
1 reads as yāo.
1.13.4
V
feel free to V
这儿没有人,坐
Nobody’s here, (feel free to) sit.
1.14.1
V O
have V’ed O
他去学校
He went to learn how to drive.
1.14.1
V O
have V’ed O
我买不少衣服。
I bought a lot of clothes.
1.14.1
V O
have not V’ed O
去商店。
She didn’t go to the store.
1.14.2
TIME
after TIME
五点
after 5
1.14.2
DURATION
after DURATION
四十分钟
after 40 minutes
1.14.3
……
(exclamation)
。是
Sure! Yeah!
1.14.4
N
both Ns
我们是中国人。
We both are Chinese.
1.15.1
S MANNER V
it is MANNER that S V
我们开车来
We drove here. (Lit. It is [by] driving that we came here.)
1.15.2
year
二零一七
Year 2017
2.01.1
want to, will
王芳学英语。
Wang Fang wants to / will learn English.
2.01.2
the most
它的眼睛漂亮。
Its eyes are the prettiest.
2.01.3
several
本书
several books
2.01.3
十几
(any # from 11 to 19)
十几本书
a dozen or more books
2.01.3
几十
tens of
几十本书
tens of people
2.01.3
# /
over #
二十本书/二十本书
twenty something books
2.01.3
# M /星期
over # of months/weeks
两个,三个星期
over two months, over three weeks
2.02.1
VV or AA
(questions)
我去商店,你去去?
I’m going to the shop, are you going?
2.02.1
是不是……?
Is it true that…?
是不是喜欢运动?
Is it true that you like to exercise?
2.02.2
M N () V
every N V
个星期六()工作吗?
Do you work every Saturday (without exception)?
2.02.3
A
how A
高?
How tall is he?
2.03.1
(N)
(omitting nouns after 的)
这个杯子是昨天买(杯子)。
This cup is the one (cup) that was bought yesterday.
2.03.2
一下
once (quickly/easily)
你去给老师送一下报纸。
Go and deliver the newspaper to your teacher.
2.03.3
very, truly
牛奶好喝啊!
The milk is so tasty!
2.04.1
O S V
it’s S who V’ed O
这本书我买
(It’s) I (who) bought the book.
2.04.2
……的时候
the time when …
我18岁的时候来过北京。
I’ve come to Beijing when I was 18.
2.04.3
已经 V/A
already V/A
已经工作两年多
I already worked for over two years.
2.05.1
just V then
你不想去,在家休息吧。
If you don't want to go, just rest at home then.
2.05.2
A
somewhat A
昨天的考试好。
Yesterday’s test was so-so (lit. somewhat OK).
2.05.3
有点儿 A
a bit A
今天天气有点儿冷。
It's a bit cold today.
2.06.1
怎么
how come
怎么不高兴?
How come you’re unhappy?
2.06.2
N M M
every N
同学个个很高兴。
Every student is very happy.
2.06.3
因为……所以……
because… so…
因为不好吃,所以我不吃。
Because it’s not tasty, so I won’t eat it.
2.07.1
V
still V-ing
八点了,他在睡觉。
It’s 8, he’s still sleeping.
2.07.1
还没 V
still haven’t V’ed
你怎么还没吃饭?
How come you still haven’t eaten?
2.07.2
TIME V
V as early as TIME
同学们七点半来教室了。
The students got to the classroom as early as 7:30.
2.07.3
N1 N2 DISTANCE
N1 is DISTANCE away from N2
学校机场20多公里。
The school is over 20 km away from the airport.
2.07.4
……!
(adding emphasis)
他还在学习
He is still studying!
2.08.1
……好吗?
…okay?
你明天下午给我打电话好吗
Call me tomorrow afternoon, okay?
2.08.2
V
again
看一下这本书吧。
Take another look at this book.
2.08.2
V
then
让我想想告诉你。
Let me think about it, then I’ll let you know.
2.08.2
TIME V
V only until TIME
我明天去。
I’ll go (only until) tomorrow.
2.08.3
// O V
invite/let/ask O to V
你吃饭。
I’m inviting you to have a meal.
2.08.4
V V
V for a bit
你看看这几件衣服。
Take a look at these clothes.
2.08.4
VV
V for a bit
你看看这几件衣服。
Take a look at these clothes.
2.09.1
V result
(result complements)
我看到你的女朋友了。
I saw your girlfriend.
2.09.1
V result
(result complements)
看到你的女朋友。
I didn’t see your girlfriend.
2.09.2
N1 N2
from N1 to N2
老人孩子都喜欢吃苹果。
From old to young, all like to eat apples.
2.09.3
# M N
#-th N
四件事情还没做。
We haven't done the fourth thing yet.
2.10.1
不要/ V
don’t do V
不要/玩儿手机!
Don’t play with your phone!
2.10.1
不要/ V
stop doing V
不要/玩儿手机
Stop playing with your phone!
2.10.2
N A
Is A for N
学汉语在中国工作有帮助。
Learning Chinese is helpful for working in China.
2.11.1
S V N
the N which S V’ed
我妈妈做饭非常好吃。
The food that mom makes is very delicious.
2.11.2
N1 N2 A
N2 is more A than N1
哥哥姐姐高。
My (older) brother is taller than my (older) sister.
2.11.2
N1 没有 N2 A
N2 is not as A than N1
哥哥没有姐姐高。
My (older) brother is not as tall as my (older) sister.
2.11.3
可能
probably
可能不会唱歌。
Maybe she cannot sing.
2.12.1
V A
(using adverbs)
我跑很快。
I run very quickly.
2.12.1
V O V A
(using adverbs)
姐姐唱歌唱很好。
My (older) sister sings brilliantly.
2.12.2
V (O V) N A
V (O) more A than N
他学(汉语学)我快。
He learns (Chinese) more quickly than I do.
2.12.2
N V (O V) A
V (O) more A than N
我学(汉语学)快。
He learns (Chinese) more quickly than I do.
2.13.1
V O
V-ing O
他们穿西服。
They are wearing suites.
2.13.1
V O
not V-ing O
铅笔。
He’s not holding a pencil.
2.13.2
N 不是……
is N not…
不是北京人
Aren’t you a Beijinger?
2.13.3
DIRECTION V
V toward DIRECTION
从这儿一直东走。
Walk straight toward the east from here.
2.14.1
V
V’ed before
我去中国。
I've been to China.
2.14.1
没有 V
haven’t V’ed
他们没有我家。
They have never been to my place.
2.14.2
虽然……但是
although…
虽然是晴天,但是还是很冷。
Even though it's sunny, it's still cold.
2.14.3
V # O
V’ed O # times
他们坐飞机。
They have taken a plane three times.
2.14.3
V PLACE #
V’ed to PLACE # times
我们来中国。
We have been to China three times.
2.15.1
TIME () V
about to V in TIME
下个星期我们()考试
We are about to have an exam in just a week.
2.15.2
TIME/A/V
It’s already TIME, is already A, has already V’ed
8点,快点儿起床吧。
It’s already 8, get up quick!
3.01.1
V
done V-ing
饭还没做,请你等一会儿。
The food is not cooked yet, please wait awhile.
3.01.2
+ M + N + + + V
not V even one N
个苹果吃。
I’m not eating any apples. (Lit. I don’t eat even one apple.)
3.01.3
so then
你不去,我也不去了。
[If] you don’t go, then I won’t go either.
3.01.3
那也
but still
A: 我早就复习好了。B: 那也不能一直玩儿啊。
A: I’ve done my reviewed a long time ago already. B: But still [you] shouldn’t be playing all the time.
3.02.1
V1了就 V2
V2 as soon as V1
爸爸回来了我们就吃饭。
We’ll eat when dad comes back.
3.02.2
V
(complements of direction)
我们在楼上等你呢,你上吧。
We are upstairs waiting, please come up.
3.02.2
V somewhere
(complements of direction)
朋友回家了。
[My] friend went back home.
3.02.2
V O
(complements of direction)
明天要带作业
You need to bring [your] homework tomorrow.
3.02.2
V O
(complements of direction)
明天要带作业。
Bring [your] homework tomorrow.
3.02.3
……
how can you…?
你不做作业,也不练习,学好汉语
You don't do [your] homework, don't practice, how can you [possibly] learn Chinese well?
3.03.1
N1 还是 N2 ?
N1 or N2 ?
你要喝咖啡还是喝茶?
Do you want coffee or tea?
3.03.1
N1 或者 N2
either N1 or N21
天冷了或者工作累了的时候,喝杯热茶很舒服。
When the weather is cold or when you’re tired from work, it is very comfortable to drink a cup of hot tea.
3.03.1
N1 还是 N2
N1 or N2 (in question-like clauses)
我还没想好去爬山还是去看电影。
I haven't decided whether to go hiking or to go to the movies.
3.03.2
PLACE + V + + N
There is N V’ed in PLACE.
桌子上放一杯咖啡。
There is a cup of coffee placed on the table.
3.03.2
PLACE + + V + + N
There is not N V’ed in PLACE.
桌子上咖啡。
There was no coffee placed on the table.
3.03.3
+ V / A + (
will V, will be A
你穿得那么少,感冒
You wear so little, you will catch a cold.
3.04.1
…………
not only… but also…
这个西瓜甜。
This watermelon is big and sweet.
3.04.2
V1 + + V2
V1-ing while V2-ing
弟弟吃苹果写作业。
The younger brother is doing homework while eating [an] apple.
3.05.1
A
become A
昨天吃感冒药,现在好一些
I took flu medicine yesterday, and I’m better now.
3.05.1
V
(didn’t V but) now V
现在我可以穿漂亮的裙子
Now I can wear a beautiful dress.
3.05.2
越来越 + A + ()
more and more A
你最近越来越
You’re more and more handsome these days.
3.06.1
V + + RESULT
can V to RESULT
我看清楚那个汉字。
I can see the Chinese character clearly.
3.06.1
V + + DIRECTION
can V to DIRECTION
楼这么高,你上来吗?
The building is so high, are you able to come up?
3.06.1
V + + result
cannot V to RESULT
我找到好饭馆。
I can't seek out a good restaurant.
3.06.1
V + + direction
cannot V to DIRECTION
楼太高了,我上去。
The building is too high, I can't go up.
3.06.2
N ?
where is N?
你的书
Where is your book?
3.06.3
V
just V
儿子做完作业。
The son just finished his homework.
3.06.3
刚才
moments ago
刚才儿子在做作业。
My son is doing homework moments ago.
3.07.1
V + + DURATION + O
V’ed O for DURATION
我们坐一个小时公共汽车。
We took a bus for an hour.
3.07.1
V + + DURATION + O +
have been V-ing O for DURATION
我学习一年汉语
I have studied Chinese for a year.
3.07.2
N 感兴趣/有兴趣
interested in N
他们中国电影感兴趣
They are interested in Chinese movies.
3.07.2
N 没兴趣
not interested in N
他们中国电影没兴趣
They are not interested in Chinese movies.
3.07.3
half hour
现在七点
It’s half past seven.
3.07.3
一刻
quarter hour (when telling time)
现在七点一刻
Now it’s quarter past seven.
3.07.3
一刻钟
quarter hour (duration)
你迟到了一刻钟
You are late for 15 minutes.
3.07.3
(chà)
to (when telling time)
已经一刻八点了!
It’s already a quarter to eight!
3.08.1
V
again (later)
我明天还要去看看。
I will go see it again tomorrow.
3.08.1
V
(did) again
你今天怎么迟到了?
Why are you late again today?
3.08.2
S + Q1 + + Q2
(S acts in a way so that the answer to Q1 is the same as the answer to Q2.)
我想喝什么喝什么。
I drink whatever I want to drink.
3.08.2
S1 + Q + S2 + + Q
(S2 acts in a way that the answer to Q is true for both S1 and S2.)
你喝什么我喝什么。
I drink whatever you drink.
3.09.1
V1/A1 V2/A2
the more V1/A1 the more V2/A2
我们开心。
The more we chat, the more joyous we are.
3.09.2
N1 N2 一样
N1 is like N2
你的眼睛大熊猫一样
Your eyes are like pandas’ [eyes].
3.09.2
N1 N2 一样 A
N1 is as A as N2
儿子爸爸一样高。
The son is as tall as his father.
3.10.1
没有 N (这么/那么) A
not as A as N
我的汉语没有那么好。
My Chinese is not as good as his.
3.10.1
A 一点儿/一些
A little more A
大山比大卫矮一点儿
Dashan is a little shorter than David.
3.10.1
A 得多/多了
much more A
今天的作业比昨天多得多
Today's homework is much more than yesterday’s.
3.10.2
# #+1
# or #+1
我每天学习一两个小时汉语。
I study Chinese for one or two hours a day.
3.11.1
+ O + V +
V’ed the O
钱包忘
I forgot my/the wallet.
3.11.1
不要//没把 + O + V +
don’t/don’t/haven’t V’ed the O
把手机忘
Don't forget your/the phone.
3.11.2
# 左右
approximately #
周末我一般十点左右起床。
I usually get up at around 10 o'clock on weekends.
3.12.1
V/A
just (better than expected)
坐飞机一个小时到了。
It takes only an hour to get there by plane.
3.12.1
V/A
just (worse than expected)
你怎么来?
How come you only came just now? (Why are you so late?)
3.12.2
+ O + V + / + PLACE
V’d the O to PLACE
照片放你包里了。
I put the photo in your bag.
3.13.1
V + motion V + /
(compound complements of direction)
明天我们一起把礼物送过
Let's send the gift over together tomorrow.
3.13.2
一边 + V1 + 一边 + V2
V1 while V2
一边唱歌一边跳舞。
He sang while he danced.
3.14.1
+ O + V + result
V the O until RESULT
衣服洗干净了。
I washed my clothes clean.
3.14.1
+ O + V + direction
V the O to DIRECTION
水果拿过来了。
He took the fruit over.
3.14.2
……/……然后……
First, then, then, …
坐了公共汽车,坐了地铁,然后才到小刚家。
I first took the bus, then took the subway, and then went to Xiaogang's house.
3.15.1
除了 N 以外
except N
除了这个汉字以外,别的我都认识。
Except for this Chinese character, I know everything else.
3.15.1
除了……(以外),……
not only…, but also…
上网除了看新闻(以外),可以听音乐。
In addition to watching the news, you can listen to music too.
3.15.2
什么
any
周末你有什么打算吗?
Do you have any plans for the weekend?
3.15.3
A 极了
extremely A
今天天气冷极了
The weather is extremely cold today.
3.16.1
如果……(的话), ……
if …, then…
如果你太累的话休息一会儿。
If you are too tired, take a break.
3.16.2
A + + CLAUSE
so A that + CLAUSE
儿子累下了班就睡觉了。
The son was so tired that he went to sleep as soon as he got off work.
3.16.3
A + A +
A (with characteristics)
她鼻子小小,头发黑黑
Her nose is teeny tiny and her hair is black.
3.17.1
V + V
V for a bit
我带你去医院检查检查吧。
Let me take you to the hospital for to check up a bit.
3.17.2
Q +
Q-ever
小刚什么喜欢吃。
Xiao Gang likes to eat anything (lit. whatever).
3.18.1
只要…………
as long as
只要我有时间,一定跟你去旅游。
As long as I have time, I will definitely travel with you.
3.18.2
关于
about
关于这件事,我们还没有决定呢。
We have not decided on this matter yet.
3.19.1
V + 出来
V and produce an outcome
这个字你能写出来吗?
Can you write (out) this word?
3.19.1
V + 出来
V and recognize
你听出来了吗?这是谁的声音?
After listening, did you recognize [it]? Whose voice is this?
3.19.1
V + 下来
V down
我真希望时间能慢下来
I really hope that time can slow down.
3.19.1
想起来
to recall
我想不起来他的名字了。
I can't think of (lit. think up) his name.
3.19.1
看起来/看上去
to seem
看上去/看起来像40多岁。
He looks like he is in his 40s.
3.19.2
使// + O + A/V
make O A/V
读书使//我快乐。
Reading makes me happy.
3.20.1
O + // + S + V
O is V’ed by S
我的照相机//谁拿走了?
My camera was taken by who?
3.20.1
O + / + // + S + V
O is not V’ed by S
问题还解决呢。
The problem has not been solved yet.
3.20.2
只有…………
only if
只有写完作业,能看电视。
You can watch TV only if you finish your homework.
4.01.1
不仅……//而且……
Not only… but also…
不仅看过《泰坦尼克号》,看过《诺丁山》。
I have not only seen Titanic, but also Notting Hill.
4.01.1
不仅 S1……,S2 ……
Not only S1…, S2 also…
不仅马克看过《诺丁山》,我看过《诺丁山》。
Not only did Mark see Notting Hill, I also saw Notting Hill.
4.01.2
从来不 V
never V
我中午从来不睡觉。
I never sleep at noon.
4.01.2
从来没 V/A
never have V’ed, never have been A
他爸爸妈妈从来没这么高兴
His father and mother have never been so happy.
4.01.3
/ V
just V’ed
我上个月结婚。
I just got married last month.
4.01.3
+ V + DURATION
have V’ed for just DURATION
来一个月。
He’s been [lit. come] here for just a month.
4.01.3
刚才
moments ago
刚才我收到了一封电子邮件。
I just received an email.
4.01.4
即使…………
even if…, still…
即使冬天很冷,他每天去操场跑步。
Even if it’s very cold in winter, he still goes to the playground to job every day.
4.01.5
() N
with regard to N
爱好,我更像我妈妈。
In terms of hobbies, I am more like my mother.
4.02.1
正好
just right
衣服大小正好
The clothes are just the right size.
4.02.1
V 得正好
V’ed at just the right time
你来得正好
You came at just the right time.
4.02.2
N & N 差不多
N & N are about the same
这辆车的颜色和那辆车的颜色差不多
The color of this car is similar to the color of that car.
4.02.2
差不多 #
about #
这台电脑差不多5000块。
This computer is about 5,000 yuan.
4.02.2
差不多 A
about A
女儿个子跟我差不多一样高。
My daughter is about as tall as me.
4.02.2
差不多 V
about V’ed
工作差不多干完了。
Work is about finished.
4.02.2
几乎 #
almost #
这台电脑几乎5000块。
This computer is almost 5,000 yuan.
4.02.2
几乎 A
almost
得失几乎相当。
The loss and the gain are almost the same.
4.02.2
几乎 V
almost
这件事我几乎忘了告诉你了。
I almost forgot to tell you about this.
4.02.3
尽管
although
尽管今天很冷,可是他穿的衣服很少。
Although it is very cold today, he wears very little clothes.
4.02.4
(虽然/尽管) ……
(although)… but
(虽然/尽管) 工作很忙,她们每天坚持锻炼。
(Although) they are busy at work, but they insist on exercising every day.
4.02.5
and/but
听、说能力很重要,写汉字的能力也重要。
Listening and speaking abilities are very important, and (on the other hand) the ability to write Chinese characters is also important.
4.03.1
A
quite A
喜欢这个地方
I quite like this place.
4.03.2
本来 V/A
originally V/A
本来想学新闻,但是现在学习法律。
She originally wanted to learn the news, but now she is studying law.
4.03.2
本来就 V/A
V/A in the first place
学生本来就不应该上课迟到。
Students should not be late for class in the first place.
4.03.3
/外/外的 + # + N
another # N
他拿出/外/外的一本书。
He took out another book.
4.03.3
另外的/其他的/别的 N
other N
不要看这本书,请看另外的/其他的/别的书。
Don't read this book, please read other books.
4.03.3
/外 V
V another
/外给了我三十元。
He gave me another 30 yuan.
4.03.3
另外,……
In addition, …
多吃水果。另外,还要记得多喝水。
Eat more fruits. Also, remember to drink more water.
4.03.4
首先……其次……
First… second…
应聘时,首先要穿正式的衣服,其次不要紧张。
At the job interview, first [you] should wear formal clothing, and second don't be nervous.
4.03.5
不管
no matter
不管什么电影,我都喜欢看。
I like to watch all kinds of movies. (Lit. No matter what movie, I like to watch them all.)
4.04.1
以为
to believe falsely
以为东西是给我的,其实是给爸爸的。
I thought the thing was for me, but actually it was for my father.
4.04.2
原来/本来
originally
原来/本来需要12个小时。
It originally required 12 hours.
4.04.2
原来 clause
it turns out
我还以为是谁帮我打扫房间呢,原来是你啊!
I was wondering who was cleaning the room for me. It turns out it’s you!
4.04.2
本来就 V/A
(see 4.03.2)
-
-
4.04.3
并不/并没 V/A
(emphasize the negative)
大家说外面很冷,但我并不觉得冷。
Everyone said that it was cold outside, but I (rather) didn’t feel cold.
4.04.4
按照 N
according to N
我们还是按照原来的计划进行。
We are still proceeding according to the original plan.
4.04.5
甚至 V/A
even V/A
他工作很努力,甚至忘了吃饭。
He worked hard and even forgot to eat.
4.05.1
肯定 V/A
certainly V/A
运动对身体健康肯定有好处。
Exercise is definitely good for your health.
4.05.1
肯定
certain
我能肯定,张远一定会来。
I can be sure that Zhang Yuan will definitely come.
4.05.1
肯定的
affirmative, positive
他的回答是肯定的
His answer is yes (in the affirmative).
4.05.2
再说
talk about it / deal with it until a later time
现在学习忙,考完再说吧。
I’m busy studying now, let’s talk about it / deal with it (until) after the exam.
4.05.2
再说
besides
毕业后大家都很忙,再说,很多同学不在一个城市。
After graduation, everyone was very busy. Besides, many students are not in a city.
4.05.3
实际的
real
实际的东西跟广告上的不一样。
The actual thing is different from the one on the advertisement.
4.05.3
实际
reality
广告跟实际不一样。
Advertising is not the same as the actual [thing].
4.05.3
实际上
in reality
广告说得好,实际上不一定好。
The advertisement is well said, but it is not necessarily good in reality.
4.05.4
……来说
for, as for
来说,学习机会更重要。
For me, learning opportunities are more important.
4.05.5
特别
very much, extremely
您女儿长得特别像您。
Your daughter looks especially like you.
4.05.5
特别/尤其
especially, particularly
您女儿长得真像您,特别是/尤其眼睛。
Your daughter looks like you, especially her eyes.
4.05.5
特别的
special
我有一个特别的要求。
I have a special request.
4.06.1
竟然 V/A
(expressing surprise)
这个歌特别好听,最近很流行,你竟然没听过?
This song is particularly nice, it has been very popular recently, you’re telling me you’ve never heard of it?
4.06.2
#
# times
二的五是十。
2, multiplied 5 times, is 10.
4.06.3
值得 V
is worth
您看看这个,不管从价格方面看, 还是从质量上看, 都是值得考虑的。
Look at this, both in terms of price and quality, it is worth considering.
4.06.3
/
is worth it
别总是为一点儿小事生气,不/得。
Don't always be angry with a little thing, it’s not worth it.
4.06.3
$
is worth $
这个手表五十块。
This watch is worth fifty yuan.
4.06.4
其中
among them
我们不仅要会读书,还要会选择其中的好书来读。
Not only do we have to read books, but we also need to know how to choose the good ones among them to read.
4.06.5
() SITUATION
under SITUATION
() 一般情况,你花的钱越多,买的东西也就越好。
In general (lit. under general circumstances), the more money you spend, the better the goods you buy.
4.07.1
估计/可能 CLAUSE
perhaps CLAUSE
你有没有去问问小王?估计/可能他应该有办法。
Have you asked Xiao Wang? Perhaps he should have a solution.
4.07.1
估计/可能 V
perhaps V
我还不习惯北方的气候,估计/可能是天气太干。
I am not used to the climate in the north. Perhaps it’s because the weather is too dry.
4.07.1
可能的 N
probable
他这么多天没来上课,最可能的原因就是他回国了。
He did not come to class for so many days. The most probable reason is that he returned to China.
4.07.2
来不及
be too late
等你身体出现问题了,后悔就来不及了。
When you have a problem with your health, it’ll be too late to regret it.
4.07.3
V + V + O
VO for a bit (reduplication)
咱们午饭后就去附近的公园散散步吧。
Let's go for a walk in the nearby park after lunch.
4.07.3
V + + V + O
V’ed O for a bit (reduplication)
星期天我睡睡觉,游游泳,做做作业。
On Sunday, I slept a bit, did some swimming, [and] did some homework.
4.07.4
要是
if
要是质量好的话,那么价格贵一点儿也没关系。
If the quality is good, then it doesn't matter if the price is a little bit expensive.
4.07.5
..... //……
not only… but also…
散步可以活动身体,可以减肥。
Walking can [allow you to] both move the body and lose weight.
4.08.1
使 O A/V
make O A/V
怎么样才能使她喜欢我呢?
How can I make her like me?
4.08.2
只要……()……
as long as… (then)…
只要这次你好好儿准备,() 一定能把比赛踢好。
As long as you are ready this time, you will be able to play the match well.
4.08.3
可不是
No kidding!
A: 没想到咱们毕业都已经十年了。B: 可不是!时间过得太快了, 真想大家。
A: I didn't expect that we have graduated for ten years. B: Tell me about it! Time flies too fast, I really miss everyone.
4.08.4
因此
therefore
我认识他很多年,因此,很了解他的性格。
I have known him for many years, so I know his character very well.
4.08.5
往往
usually, often
女孩子对衣服颜色的选择往往与她们的性格有关。
Girls' choice of clothing color is often related to their personality.
4.08.5
/
often
上大学时我很喜欢运动,/打篮球、踢足球。
When I was in college, I liked sports very much. I often played basketball and football.
4.09.1
难道
could it be that
怎么又买了这么多饼干和巧克力?难道你不减肥了?
How did you buy so many cookies and chocolates? Could it be that you’re not dieting any more?
4.09.2
通过
through
任何成功都要通过努力才能得到。
Any success must be achieved through hard work.
4.09.2
经过
after having gone through
经过一次次失败之后,他终于成功了。
Having gone through many failures, he finally succeeded.
4.09.2
通过
pass through
这条街只能步行通过
You can only go through this street on foot.
4.09.2
经过
pass by
我正好经过这儿,顺便过来看看你。
It just so happened that I’m passing by, [so I] came to see you on the way.
4.09.2
通过
to pass (an exam, interview or resolution)
通过那家公司的面试了。
I passed the interview with that company.
4.09.2
经过
the whole story
小王把事情的经过告诉我了。
Xiao Wang told me the whole story of [how] the event [happened].
4.09.3
可是
but
当时她的父母和亲戚都不支持她,可是她坚持自己的选择。
At that time her parents and relatives did not support her, but she insisted on her choice.
4.09.4
结果
result
请把调查结果交上来。
Please submit the results of the investigation.
4.09.4
结果……
As a result, …
上学期他学习很用功,结果考试及格了。
He studied hard last term and, as a result, he passed the examination.
4.09.5
#
over #
这个城市的地铁已经有百年的历史了。
The city's subway has been around for over a hundred years.
4.10.1
不过
nevertheless
我本来想当律师,不过后来我发现自己对新闻更感兴趣。
I originally wanted to be a lawyer, nevertheless I found myself more interested in news.
4.10.1
不过 V
only V
我们不过谈了点儿工作方面的问题,别的都没谈。
We only talked about some work problems (and nothing more), and we didn’t talk about anything else.
4.10.2
确实
indeed
爱情确实是结婚的重要原因,但仅有爱情是不够的。
Love is indeed an important reason for marriage, but only love is not enough.
4.10.3
S 看来
the way S see it
很多人看来,听流行音乐仅仅是年轻人的爱好。
The way a lot of people sees it [is that] listening to pop music is only a hobby of young people.
4.10.4
由于……
because …
由于我们的共同努力,任务提前完成了。
Owing to our joint efforts, the task was fulfilled ahead of schedule.
4.10.4
由于 N
due to N
由于种种原因,我们不得不改变原来的计划。
For various reasons, we had to change the original plan.
4.10.5
比如……
for example, ……
旅游前最好做个计划,比如要去几个地方,怎么坐车等。
It is best to make a plan before the trip, for example, how many places to go to, how to take transit, etc.
4.11.1
O / V
even V O
你太厉害了,中文报纸看得懂。
You are so awesome/skilled you can even understand Chinese newspapers.
4.11.1
S / V
even S V
如果你自己不喜欢自己,又怎么能让别人喜欢你呢?
If even you don’t like yourself, how can you let others like you?
4.11.2
否则
if not, otherwise
他一定有重要的事找你,否则不会打这么多次电话来。
He must have something important to see (lit. look for) you about, otherwise he won't call so many times.
4.11.3
无论/不管 Q
regardless of Q
无论/不管做什么事要注意方法,正确的方法可以让我们做得更好。
Regardless of what you do, choose the right [lit. pay attention to] your methods. The right way can make us do better.
4.11.4
然而
but
很多人觉得自己的生活是幸福的, 然而每个人对幸福的看法却不完全相同。
Many people feel that their lives are happy, but everyone's views on happiness are not exactly the same.
4.11.5
同时……
at the same time, …
阅读能丰富你的知识,同时还会丰富你的情感。
Reading can enrich your knowledge and (at the same time) [it will] enrich your affects.
4.11.5
……的同时
at the same time when…
在学习汉语的同时,我还了解了中国的文化。
While learning Chinese (at the same time), I also learned about Chinese culture.
4.12.1
/且 V
and V
他做事很认真,且有丰富的经验,让他负责很合适。
He is very serious in his work and has a wealth of experience, which makes him very suitable to be responsible [for this].
4.12.2
……......
no matter how… still…
事情已经发生了,你后悔无法改变,别伤心了。
Things have already happened, no matter how you regret it you (still) won’t be able to change it, don't be sad.
4.12.3
对于 N
regarding N
对于这件事, 我跟大家的看法不同。
My opinion on it (lit. regarding this matter) is different from everyone else’s.
4.12.3
关于 N
about N
关于这次调查计划,经理说有很多不清楚的地方。
About the survey plan, the manager said that there are many unclear places.
4.12.4
M + M + (N) +
every N
件件小事应该被看成是一次学习的机会。
Each small thing should (all) be seen as an opportunity to learn.
4.12.5
相反,……
on the other hand, …
使用正确的方法就能“事半功倍”,相反就会“事倍功半”。
Using the right method will be able to “do more with less”, but if we do the opposite we will “do less with more”.
4.12.5
/ N 相反
to be the opposite of N
调查结果他们想的几乎完全相反
The results of the survey are almost completely the opposite of what they thought.
4.13.1
大概/也许 V/A
probably/perhaps V/A
我想校长大概/也许会同意。
I think the principal probably will agree.
4.13.1
大概的 N
approximate N
请给我一个大概的数字。
Please give me an approximate number.
4.13.1
大概 #
about #
他8岁就开始上台演出,到现在大概唱了60多年了。
He started performing on stage at the age of eight, and has been singing for about over 60 years.
4.13.2
偶尔
occasionally
我常常跟着电视学唱京剧,偶尔跟中国人一起唱上几句。
I often learn to sing Beijing opera with [lit. by following] TV programs, and occasionally sing a few lines with Chinese people.
4.13.3
S V
V’ed by S
按照规定,这件事情应该王大夫负责。
According to regulations, this matter should be handled by Dr. Wang.
4.13.4
进行
to proceed
10点30分会议继续进行
The meeting will continue to proceed at half past 10.
4.13.4
进行 O
to carry out O
进行观察
carry out an observation
4.13.5
随着 N
with N (as N happens)
随着社会的发展,京剧也在改变。
With the development of society, Peking Opera is also changing.
4.14.1
sufficient
钱不
The money is not enough.
4.14.1
V (#)
V (and fulfill) #
睡觉时间太长并不好,一般睡八小时就可以了。
It’s not good if [your] sleeping time is too long. Usually it’s enough just to sleep for a good eight hours (lit. sleep to fulfill 8 hours).
4.14.1
A
(good) enough
不用装这些,箱子已经重的了!
No need to load these, the box is already heavy enough!
4.14.2
N
with N (speed, standard)
经理您放心,我一定最快的速度完成。
Manager, you can rest assured that I will finish at the fastest speed.
4.14.2
N1 N2
consider N1 as N2
我们应该历史镜子。
We should use history as a mirror.
4.14.2
in order to
她送来了一份礼物表示感谢。
She sent a gift to express her gratitude.
4.14.3
既然
now that
既然不愿意打球,为什么还要打?
Since you don't want to play, why [bother] playing?
4.14.4
于是……
consequently…
小时候,他经常生病,于是每天都去跑步锻炼身体。
When he was a child, he was often ill, consequently he went to run and exercise every day.
4.14.4
因此……
therefore…
小时候,他经常生病,因此每天都去跑步锻炼身体。
When he was a child, he was often ill, [and] as a result he went to run and exercise every day.
4.14.5
什么的
and stuff like that
明天出去玩儿,得买点儿饼干、面包什么的
Go out to play tomorrow, you have to buy some biscuits, bread or things like that.
4.15.1
V 起来
V up
你这样躺着看书对眼晴不好,快坐起来
If you lie down and read a book, it is not good for your eyes. Sit up quick!
4.15.1
想起来
remember, call to mind
现在我全都想起来了。
Now I recall (lit. think up) everything.
4.15.2
A O
cause O to be A
搬的时候要小心点儿,别坏沙发了。
Be careful when moving, don't break the sofa.
4.15.2
弄得 O CLAUSE
make O CLAUSE
每天因为这些小事批评她,弄得我俩心情都不好。
Every day I tell her off for these small things, [which] makes the two of us both in a bad mood.
4.15.3
千万不能/不要/ V
make sure not to V
我要等她生日那天再送给她这个礼物,你现在千万告诉她。
I have to give her this gift on her birthday, make sure you don’t tell her now.
4.15.3
一定要/ V/A
must V, must be A
比赛前一定要把动作练好。
You must practice your moves before the game.
4.15.3
一定() V/A
definitely V/A
感谢您的支持和鼓励,我一定继续努力。
Thank you for your support and encouragement, I will definitely continue to work hard.
4.15.3
不一定
not necessarily
个子高不一定力气大。
If someone is tall he/she is not necessarily strong.
4.15.3
一定的
some, a certain
如果有一定的语言基础,那么出国学习外语是最好的选择。
If you have a certain language foundation, then studying a foreign language abroad is the best choice.
4.15.4
V
(verb prefix, indicating the verb hasn’t happened)
这个沙发这么大,我帮你们一起抬。
This sofa is so big, I will help you carry it together.
4.15.4
通过/ N V
V through N
有的孩子会通过哭或者扔东西引起父母的注意。
Some children will get their parents' attention by crying or throwing things.
4.15.5
# 左右
around #
网上买的那本书估计三天左右就能到。
The book bought online is estimated to be available in about three days.
4.16.1
V/A
really A/V
今天天气
The weather is really hot today.
4.16.1
Q
Q on earth?
下个星期就要去使馆办签证了,这怎么办?
I am going to the embassy to apply for a visa next week, what on earth am I supposed to do?
4.16.1
V
indeed
是个大问题,我也不太清楚。
Now this (this indeed) is a big question, and I am not too sure about it.
4.16.2
/害
to be afraid
我的工作经验还比较少,那份工作我/害完成不了。
My work experience is still relatively small, I am afraid the job cannot be completed.
4.16.2
恐怕……
I guess I’m afraid…
听完我的回答,恐怕你已经知道我的答案了吧。
After listening to my response, I guess I’m afraid you already know the answer.
4.16.2
/恐 V
probably I’m afraid
他离开这里/恐有二十天了。
He left here for probably 20 days (I’m afraid).
4.16.3
到底
to the end
今天我一定陪你逛街逛到底,保证让你买到合适的衣服。
Today I will go shopping with you to the end. [I can] guarantee that you will buy the right clothes.
4.16.3
到底 Q
in the world
到底你怎么打算的呀?
What in the world are you planning?
4.16.4
……来说
take… for example
来说,我已经学了十年汉语了。
Take me, for example, I’ve been learning Chinese for 10 years.
4.16.5
V
to dare to V
谁也不说他的坏话。
No one dares to say bad things about her.
4.17.1
to pour
我给你杯水吧。
I will pour you a glass of water.
4.17.1
to reverse
“我爱你”,过来就是“你爱我”。
“I love you” said in reverse is “you love me.”
4.17.1
S V
although S V
你说得是容易,做起来可就难了!
Although you say [it as if] it is easy, it’s hard to do it!
4.17.2
(gān)
dry
把头发擦
Wipe your hair dry.
4.17.2
(gàn)
to do
你在什么呢?
What are you doing?
4.17.3
#
# times (of trips)
回来的路上我顺便去了银行。
On the way back, I made a visit to the bank along the way.
4.17.3
#
No. # (bus/train route)
502公交车很快就要到了。
Bus No. 502 are coming soon.
4.17.4
为了 V1 V2
V2 in order to V1
不少动物为了保护自己改变身体的颜色。
Many animals change the color of their body in order to protect themselves.
4.17.4
为了 N V
V for N
植物会为了阳光、空气和水竞争。
Plants compete for sunlight, air, and water.
4.17.5
仍然 V/A
still V/A
就算在几公里深的海底也仍然能看到东西。
Even at a few kilometers deep on the sea floor, you can still see things.
4.18.1
是否
if, whether
不过她这么小,这本书我不知道她是否能读懂。
But she is so young, I don't know if she can read this book.
4.18.2
受不了
tolerate
我真的受不了你了,你到底还要逛多久?
I really can't tolerate you, how long do you have to keep shopping?
4.18.3
接着 V
continue to V
你看完这本书以后先不要还,我接着看。
Don't pay back after reading this book, I will continue to watch.
4.18.3
接着
then
他毕业后在老家工作了一年,接着又考上了北京大学,读研究生。
After graduating, he worked in his hometown for a year. And then he was admitted to Peking University to study for graduate students.
4.18.4
除此以外
other than that
他和弟弟同一天出生,兄弟俩长得很像,但除此以外几乎再找不到其他共同点。
He and his brother were born on the same day. The two brothers look very much alike, but other than that they can hardly find other things in common.
4.18.5
N1 叫作 N2
call N1 N2
中国人黄河叫作“母亲河” 。
The Chinese call the Yellow River "Mother River."
4.19.1
(无论/不管) Q
no matter Q
没关系,不用道歉,(无论/不管) 谁有粗心填错的时候。
It doesn't matter, don't apologize, anyone (lit. no matter who) can make a mistake.
4.19.2
V
get to V
看来今天吃不羊肉饺子了。
It seems that I don’t get to eat lamb dumplings today.
4.19.3
V 出来
V out (an outcome is produced)
有几个选择题,实在想不出来该选哪个,只好随便选一个。
There were a few multiple-choice questions. I really couldn’t think of (lit. think out) which [answer] one to choose, [so I could only] choose one at random.
4.19.4
总的来说
overall
这个公司总的来说还不错。
Overall, this company is good.
4.19.5
在于
is all about
人们常说“生命在于运动”。
People often say that "life is all about moving/exercising.”
4.20.1
V1 V1 V2
V2’ed while V1-ing
她讲就笑
As she was speaking, she started to laugh.
4.20.2
…………
as soon as … then …
回家看电视。
As soon as she gets home, (then) she watches TV.
4.20.2
…………
每次只要
儿子小时候说话脸红。
When [my] son was a child, as soon as he speaks, (then) he blushes.
4.20.3
究竟 Q
Q exactly
究竟哪个季节去旅游比较好呢?
Which season exactly is better to travel?
4.20.4
V ()
V up
你先把桌子上的东西拿(),我擦完之后你再放下
You pick up the things on the table first, and then you [can] put them down after I clean it.
4.20.4
V 起来
to start to V
小王又唱起来了。
Xiao Wang started singing again.
4.20.4
V 起来
seems like, sounds like
上海话听起来就像外语一样。
The Shanghai dialect sounds like a foreign language.
4.20.5
说起 O
speaking of O
说起吃的东西,给我印象最深的是湖南菜。
Speaking of food, the one that impressed me the most is Hunan cuisine.
5.01.1
如何
how
评委叫第一对夫妻说说他俩是如何恩爱的。
The judge called the first couple to talk about how they loved each other.
5.01.1
如何
how is
“80后”们月收入情况如何
How is the monthly income situation with those born in the 80s?
5.01.1
怎么,……
(expression of surprise)
怎么,你不认识我了?!
What, you don't know me anymore?!
5.01.2
to lean
王老师喜欢着桌子讲课。
Teacher Wang likes to give her lecture while leaning on the table.
5.01.2
beside
我的座位是17号,是窗的座位。
My seat is No. 17, which is (a seat) by the window.
5.01.2
to depend
在家父母,出门朋友。
At home [you] relies on [your] parents, [when you] go out [you] rely on [your] friends.
5.01.3
居然
(See 竟然)
这么简单的题,你居然也不会做?
[For] such a simple question, [you’re telling me that] you don’t know how to do it?
5.02.1
以来
since
改革开放以来,中国发生了巨大的变化。
Since the reform and opening up, China has undergone tremendous changes.
5.02.2
adjacent to
我想买一套不街的房子,这样不会太吵。
I want to buy a house that is not adjacent to a street, so it won't be too noisy.
5.02.2
just before
走那天,父亲从老家赶来送我们。
On the day (just before) he left, my father came to us from my hometown.
5.02.3
立刻
immediately
我们回来时,立刻感受到了家的温暖。
When we came back, we immediately felt the warmth of home.
5.03.1
包括
to include
汉语技能教学包括听、说、读、写四个方面。
Chinese language skills teaching includes listening, speaking, reading and writing.
5.03.2
各自
each by themselves
中场休息时间到了,比赛双方队员各自回场外休息。
The intermission time has arrived, and the players on both sides of the game (each by themselves) went back out of the court to rest.
5.03.3
do not
非工作人员,请入内。
If you’re not a staff member, please do not enter.
5.03.4
时刻
moment
在最后时刻,他为本队踢进了关键一球。
At the last moment, he scored the key goal for the team.
5.03.4
时刻,时时刻
at all times
工作中,他时时刻刻提醒自已: 乘客的安全是最重要的。
At work, he reminds himself at all times: The safety of passengers is the most important.
5.04.1
至今
to this day
我在北京出生、长大,至今还没离开过呢。
I was born and raised in Beijing and have never left to this day.
5.04.2
(measure word for hats)
我这新帽子怎么样?
How [what do you think of] this new hat of mine?
5.04.2
the top of
请把手举过头
Please raise your hand over (the top of) your head.
5.04.2
to lift
他能用头起20斤重的东西。
He can use his head to lift 20 pounds.
5.04.2
顶着
against
天气非常寒冷,子路顶着大雪往前走。
The weather is very cold, and Zilu was trudging ahead against heavy snow.
5.04.3
……得很/得不行/得不得了
very/so/extremely
这个地方这么热闹,孩子们高兴得很/得不行/得不得了
The place is so lively, the children are very/so/extremely happy.
5.04.4
反而
actually (opposite to what one expects)
大城市的生活虽然很精彩,但一辈子生活在农村的父母反而会不适应。
Although the life in a big city is very exciting, [my] parents who have lived in rural areas for a lifetime will actually (opposite to what one expects) find themselves ill-adapted.
5.05.1
从而
consequently
比赛前做好思想准备可以减少运动员的压力,从而取得比赛的成功。
Preparing mentally before the game can reduce the stress on the athletes [and] consequently achieve the success of the game.
5.05.2
V N
V in N
这家公司成立1997年。
This company was founded in 1997.
5.05.2
V N
V to N
李明没办法,只好求助当经理的老同学王峰。
Li Ming had no choice but to turn to Wang Feng (for help), the old classmate of the manager.
5.05.2
V N
V from N
他出身知识分子家庭。
He came from an intellectual family.
5.05.2
A N
A to N
运动有助健康。
Exercise is beneficial to health.
5.05.2
A N
A from/than N
水生动物不同陆地动物。
Aquatic creatures are different from terrestrial ones.
5.05.3
V (wéi) N
V into N
压力也可以变动力。
Stress can also be turned into strength.
5.05.3
V (wéi) N
V as N
在他看来,没有工作的生活就不能称其生活。
In his view, life without work cannot be called (as) life.
5.05.4
V 起来
V up
地下水积蓄起来,越积越多。
The groundwater is store (up) and accumulates.
5.05.4
藏起来/躲起来
V away
刘丽知道自己做得不对,躲起来不敢见我。
Liu Li knows that she is doing something wrong, and she hides [herself] away and does not dare to see me.
5.06.1
to replace
见了外公,请我向他问好。
When you see my grandfather, please say hello to him (on my behalf).
5.06.1
on behalf of
李阳要去留学了,我们都他高兴。
Li Yang is going to study abroad, and we are all happy for him.
5.06.2
说不定
uncertain
这事儿经理已经同意了,只是出发的时间还说不定
The manager has already agreed, but the time of departure is still uncertain.
5.06.2
说不定
maybe
别随随便便就说放弃,说不定下次就成功了。
Don't just give up so easily, maybe you will succeed next time.
5.06.3
N 似的
like N
我不敢相信这是真的,好像做梦似的
I can't believe this is true, it seems like a dream.
5.06.3
A 得什么似的
so A (to an extreme)
他背着重重的电脑包挤地铁,下班回到家累得什么似的
He squeezed into the [crowded] subway with [his] heavy computer bag, and he was so tired when he got home from work.
5.06.4
纷纷 V
V in quick succession
要下雨了, 路上的人纷纷往家里跑。
It’s going to rain, and people on the road are running home (one after another in quick succession).
5.07.1
blind
一天, 他让士兵们去找一头大象和一些出生时眼晴就了的人回来。
One day, he asked the soldiers to find an elephant and some people who were blind when they were born.
5.07.1
thoughtlessly
他会想办法的,你就别替他担心了。
He will find a way, you don't (thoughtlessly) worry about him.
5.07.2
分别
to separate
分别是暂时的,我们以后一定会再见。
The separation is temporary. We will definitely see each other again in the future.
5.07.2
分别
difference
我不知道这两种做法有什么分别
I don't know the difference between the two approaches.
5.07.2
分别
separately
分别找两个人打听了这件事,他们的说法都是一样的。
I asked two people (separately) to ask about this, and they all said the same thing.
5.07.2
分别
respectively
砂岩和砾岩分别是砂和砾石固结的产物。
Sandstone and conglomerate are the consolidated equivalent of sand and gravel, respectively.
5.07.3
(measure word)
摸到尾巴的盲人说大象像一绳子。
The blind man who touched the tail said that the elephant is like a rope.
5.07.3
root
这棵树的又粗又长。
The root of this tree is thick and long.
5.07.4
便
then
楼上新买了一架钢琴,我们家便多了一些不安静。
A new piano was bought upstairs, and then there were more noise (lit. unquiet) [heard] in our home.
5.08.1
/反
contrary to logic
少年不解地问:“怎么勇敢反成为缺点了?”
Puzzled, the teenager asked: "How is it that bravery is a fault now (which is contrary to logic)?”
5.08.1
despite all
质量是挺好,就是价格太贵了。
(Despite all) the quality is (actually) pretty good, it’s just that the price is too expensive.
5.08.1
for crying out loud
是说说看,这件事你不负责谁负责?
Now you tell us, for crying out loud, if you’re not responsible for this, then who is?
5.08.2
V V
V around
小狗追着自己的尾巴, 在草地上跑
The dog chased his tail and ran around on the grass.
5.08.3
要不/不然/要不
otherwise
还好碰见你了,要不/不然/要不然我今天肯定要迟到了。
Fortunately, I ran into you, otherwise I must have been late today.
5.08.3
要不/不然/要不
why not try
今天太晚了,要不/不然/要不然你明天再走吧。
It’s too late today, why don’t (you) leave tomorrow instead?
5.08.4
彼此 V
each other
好朋友应该彼此帮助。
Good friends should help each other.
5.08.4
彼此
(pronoun for 2 people)
我们彼此的爱好相同。
We (us two) have the same hobbies.
5.08.4
彼此彼此
about the same
咱们俩彼此彼此, 我画得比你好不了多少。
We (the two of us) are pretty much the same, I can't paint much better than you.
5.09.1
counts as
这钱就我借给你的,将来你有了的时候再还我。
Let’s just say that the money is loaned to you, you can pay me back when you have [more money].
5.09.1
V /
might as well V
不就是一个空瓶子吗?扔
Isn't it just an empty bottle? Might as well throw it away.
5.09.2
作为 N
as N
作为大作家、大学问家,鲁迅对吃很讲究。
As a great writer and a great intellectual, Lu Xun is very particular about eating.
5.09.3
曾经
once
孔子曾经带着学生周游各国14年,传播他的思想。
Confucius once took students around the country for 14 years, spreading his thoughts.
5.10.1
毕竟
after all
虽然我们遇到了很多困难,但毕竟完成了任务。
Although we have encountered a lot of difficulties, we have completed the task after all.
5.10.2
逐渐
gradually
食物越来越少,老人不得不逐渐限制猴子的食量。
With less and less food, the elderly have to gradually limit the amount of food they eat.
5.10.3
或许
maybe
虽然以前她不支持你,但或许这次会有变化。
Although she did not support you before, maybe this time things will change.
5.11.1
V 过来
V and recover
过了半天,脑子才清醒过来
My head cleared up only after a long time,
5.11.1
V 得过来 / V 不过来
can finish V / cannot finish V
天上的星星那么多,谁数得过来呀?
There are so many stars in the sky, who can count them (out)?
5.11.2
(measure word for institutions)
他来自北京的一大学。
He is from a university in Beijing.
5.11.2
S + () + V +
what S V
山水画()表现是人与自然关系。
What the landscape painting shows is the relationship between man and nature.
5.11.2
有所 V
has/have V’ed
随着年龄的增大,女性的职场幸福感有所提高。
As [their] age increases, women’s happiness at work has increased.
5.11.2
无所 V
have nothing to V
你要是坚持真理就可以无所畏惧。
If you stick to the truth, you've nothing to fear.
5.11.3
N 相当
equivalent to N
开车打电话的人的反应速度醉酒者相当
The reaction speed of the person who calls while driving is equivalent to a drunk.
5.11.3
相当于 N
equivalent to N
这种鸟一天所食的害虫相当于自己的体重。
The pests that this bird eats a day are equivalent to its own weight.
5.11.3
相当
quite
菜的味道好极了,服务也周到,我相当满意。
The dish is very delicious, the service is also thoughtful, I am quite satisfied.
5.11.3
相当
considerable
相当一部分人会以收入多少作为幸福的标准。
A considerable number of people will regard their income as a standard of happiness.
5.11.4
(shǔ)
to count
我大概了一下,车上有32个学生。
I roughly counted it, there are 32 students in the vehicle.
5.11.4
(shǔ)
to be reckoned as
要说我们班跑得最快的,那就李阳了。
If we were to discuss who our class runs the fastest, then it’s no other than Li Yang.
5.11.4
(shù)
several
这里夏季的雷阵雨一般可持续小时或者更久的时间。
The thunderstorms in summer here generally last for several hours or longer.
5.12.1
以及
and
学校的领导、教师以及一些学生代表观看了演出。
School leaders, teachers, and some student representatives watched the show.
5.12.2
程度
degree
问题已经发展到了十分严重的程度
The problem has grown to a very serious degree.
5.13.1
()何况
let alone
连运动员都不满意,何况看比赛的球迷呢?
Even the athletes are not satisfied, let alone the fans watching the game?
5.13.2
何必
What for? Why do you have to…?
何必亲自送一趟呢?叫个快递不就行了?
Why do you have to deliver it yourself? Calling a courier is not enough?
5.13.3
多亏
thanks to
多亏了他这句话,人们如梦初醒。
Thanks to his words, people wake up like a dream.
5.14.1
所谓
so-called
所谓的“新闻”, 其实我们早就知道了!
His so-called "news", in fact, we already know!
5.14.2
N V/A
whereas N V
他高中毕业以后出国留学了,而我一直留在国内。
After graduating from high school, he went abroad to study, whereas I stayed at home.
5.14.2
…………
if… then…
北京的冬天,有风寒,无风暖。
Beijing in the winter, if it’s windy then it’s cold, and if not then it’s warm.
5.14.2
#
(measure word for stories)
今天的报纸上有一非常重要的新闻。
There is a very important news in today's newspaper.
5.14.3
S V
is V’ed by S
有了科学,大自然就可以更好地用。
With science, nature can be better used by mankind.
5.14.4
V
V up
手,我们就是好朋友。
Joining (lit. grab/pull up) our hands, we are good friends.
5.15.1
V 得过
can V and overcome
跟别人谈论起军事来,没有人说得过他。
Talking to others about military affairs, no one can win arguments (lit. talk) over him.
5.15.2
迟早
sooner or later
随着网络技术的发展,这些问题迟早都会得到解决。
With the development of network technology, these problems will be solved sooner or later.
5.15.3
再三
repeatedly
赵括的母亲再三阻止赵王任命儿子为大将。
Zhao Kuo’s mother repeatedly prevented Zhao Wang from appointing his son as a general.
5.16.1
that is
“旦”是象形字,太阳从地平线上升起。
“旦” is a pictograph, that is, the sun rising from the horizon.
5.16.1
…………
if… then…
不懂问是他最大的优点,也是他成功的主要原因。
If he doesn’t understand something, (then) he’ll just ask. This is his greatest strength, but also the main reason for his success.
5.16.2
个别 V
individually V, separately V
他经常采取个别谈话的方式了解情况和解决问题。
He often uses individual conversations to understand the situation and solve problems.
5.16.2
个别 N
only a few N (as an exception)
除了个别人以外,多数人体重的增加会从周六开始。
Except for a few individual [persons], the weight gain of most people starts on Saturday.
5.16.3
to insist on
要离婚,我们谁拦也拦不住。
He insists on divorcing, and we can’t stop it.
5.16.3
not, un-
出现正常情况时请不要紧张。
Please do not be nervous when emergencies (lit. abnormal conditions) occur.
5.16.3
并非
not
成功有时候并非想象中那么难。
Success is sometimes not as difficult as it might seem.
5.17.1
(see 4.14.2 “以”)
-
-
5.17.2
平常
ordinary
对小王来说,今天是一个不平常的日子。
For Xiao Wang, today is an extraordinary day.
5.17.2
平常
usually
平常总是来得很早,今天却迟到了。
He usually comes very early, but he is late today.
5.17.3
宁可
would rather
作为母亲,她宁可自已累一点儿,也不想委屈了孩子。
As a mother, she would rather be tired of herself and would not want to wrong her child.
5.18.1
极其
extremely
在中国,餐桌上放一把刀是极其少见的现象。
In China, putting a knife on the table is an extremely rare phenomenon.
5.18.2
其余
the rest
怎么只有你们两个人?其余的同学呢?
How come you two people? What about the rest of the classmates?
5.18.3
(由此) 可见
This shows that
由此可见,成功是需要努力的。
This shows that success requires hard work.
5.19.1
N
like N
她的脸上露出了阳光的笑容。
Her face showed a sunny (lit. like sunlight) smile.
5.19.2
to smell
他把壶盖儿打开,,原来是酒。
He opened the lid of the pot and smelled it. It turned out to be alcohol.
5.19.2
to hear
不如一见。
Seeing is believing. (Lit. hearing about something 100 times is not as good as seeing it once.)
5.19.3
while (an opportunity exists)
电影还没开始,我去买两瓶矿泉水。
The movie hasn’t started, I’ll make use of the opportunity and get two bottles of mineral water.
5.20.1
V 不起
cannot
他家里很穷,买不起灯,一到晚上就不能读书。
His family is very poor and can't afford a lamp, [so he] can’t read at night.
5.20.1
V 得起
can stand/tolerate
得起时间考验的朋友才算是真正的朋友。
A friend who can stand the test of time is a true friend.
5.20.2
to prop up, to support
他的两只手放在桌上,着脑袋,想着事情。
His two hands were on the table, propping up his head, and he thought about things.
5.20.2
(measure word for guns, songs, or armies)
给他十枪,他就能拉起一军队来。
Give him ten guns and he can raise an army.
5.20.3
to reply on
干工作不能光经验,还要有创新。
When we work, we can’t just rely on experience, we also need to innovate.
5.21.1
V
by brute force
虽然中药有点儿苦,但他还是喝下去了。
Although the Chinese medicine is a bit bitter, he still bit the bullet and drank it.
5.21.1
V
to insist on V-ing
我不让他去,他要去。
I won’t let him go, he just insists on going.
5.21.2
偶然的
accidental (opportunity)
那是一次偶然的相遇。
It was an accidental encounter.
5.21.2
偶然 V
occasionally
她专心地织着毛衣,偶然也会抬眼看一下墙上的挂钟。
She focused on knitting a sweater, and occasionally glances at the clock on the wall.
5.21.3
尽快 V
as soon as possible
新产品出了点儿问题,你和严经理尽快商量一下这事。
The new product has some problems. You should discuss with Manager Yan as soon as you can.
5.22.1
一旦 V
once (something happens)
女人一旦做了母亲,就变得矛盾了。
Once a woman becomes a mother, she becomes torn (by conflicting [emotions])
5.22.2
难免
inevitable
刚开始工作,这样的错误是难免的。
At the beginning of work, such mistakes are inevitable.
5.22.3
自从 TIME
since TIME
自从我到北京以后,身体越来越好了。
Since I arrived in Beijing, my body has gotten better and better.
5.23.1
一致
in agreement
他们的意见不一致
Their opinions do not agree.
5.23.1
一致 V
unanimously
专家们一致认为这是一种成功的产品。
Experts agree (lit. unanimously think) that this is a successful product.
5.23.2
(M) N
certain
进行(个)方面的训练,就可以在那方面的能力提高。
If you receiving training in a certain discipline (lit. aspect), you will be able to improve your ability in that discipline.
5.23.2
某某
so-and-so
在墙上写“某某到此一游”的行为是不文明的。
It is not civil to write “so-and-so visited here” on the wall.
5.23.2
name /
placeholder for a name
公司业务员李/李闻之大喜。
Company salesman Li (So-and-so) heard the big joy.
5.23.3
幸亏……
thankfully…
幸亏你提醒了我,我今天就去报名。
Thankfully you reminded me. I am going to sign up today.
5.24.1
行动
activity, action
我们应该勇敢面对困难,迅速采取行动
We should meet difficulties with courage and act quickly.
5.24.1
行动
move around
他运动时受伤了,行动不便。
When he was doing sports he injured his feet, so it’s hard for him to move around.
5.24.1
行动
act
有些鸟类喜欢单独行动
Some birds like to act alone.
5.24.2
义务
obligation
建设家乡,人人有责,我们也要承担这个义务
Everyone has the responsibility of building his/her hometown, and we should also take up this obligation.
5.24.2
义务
compulsory
我们每个学期都要至少参加三次义务劳动。
We must participate in at least three compulsory labor per semester.
5.25.1
toward
我仿佛看到胜利正我们走来。
I seem to see victory coming towards us.
5.25.1
to face toward
我们学校的正门坐西东。
The main entrance of our school is situated in the west and oriented toward the east.
5.25.2
简直
practically, in essence
船长简直是疯了!
The captain is practically mad!
5.26.1
over
他几乎每天都能钓到5斤重的大鱼。
He can catch over 5 pounds (weight) of fish almost every day.
5.26.1
一来()……二来()……
First… secondly…
我到这里看看大家,一(来)给大家送水果,二(来)看看大家过节还有什么难处。
I am here to see everyone, one [reason] is to bring fruit to everyone, another [reason] is to see if anyone has any difficulties over the holidays.
5.26.2
至于
as for
我们决定明年结婚,至于具体时间还要再商量。
We decided to get married next year. As for the specific time, we’ll have to discuss later.
5.26.2
至于
go so far as
他不至于撒谎。
He won’t go so far as to tell a lie.
5.26.3
总算
finally
经过沟通,大导演总算搞明白了。
After communicating, the principal director has finally figured it out.
5.26.3
总算
finally
虽然这家宾馆不太好,但总算有个睡觉的地方了。
Although this hotel is not very good, there is finally a place to sleep.
5.27.1
V 下来
V down
你的论文大概什么时候发表?定下来了吗?
When will your paper be published? Have you decided (lit. decided down)?
5.27.2
舍得
willing (to to let go)
把你最喜欢的玩具送给小朋友,你舍得吗?
Give your favorite toys to children, are you willing (to let go)?
5.27.2
舍不得
unwilling (to to let go)
有些人舍不得把钱花在有意思的事情上。
Some people are reluctant to spend money on fun things.
5.28.1
从此
since then
从此李白刻苦用功,最后成了一位伟大的诗人。
Since then, Li Bai has worked hard and finally became a great poet.
5.28.2
假设……
suppose …
假设你的钱用完了呢?你该怎么办呢?
Suppose your money is running out? What would you do?
5.28.2
假设
supposition
您当年的假设已经被证明是对的。
Your assumptions for the year have been proven to be correct.
5.28.3
a pile, a heap
工厂旁边有一个建筑材料
There is a pile of building materials next to the factory.
5.28.3
to pile, to heap
这些零件怎么都在这儿啊?
How are these parts piled up here?
5.29.1
不如 N A
not as A as N
三家的营业额加起来还不如他一家高。
The turnover of the three companies is not as high as his family.
5.29.1
(与其)……不如……
rather than… it’s better to
与其待在家里,不如去外边走走。
Instead of staying at home, it is better to go outside.
5.29.2
干脆 V
simply, quick and dirty
许多亲朋好友建议他干脆把另三家书店挤垮。
Many relatives and friends suggested that he simply “squeeze out” the other three bookstores, [quick and dirty]. [That its, drive them out of their business.]
5.29.2
干脆
decisive
我求他帮忙,他答应得很干脆
I asked him for help, and he readily agreed.
5.29.3
万一
in the unlikely case where
如果鸡蛋都放在一个篮子里,万一不小心就有可能全部打碎。
If all [your] eggs are placed in one basket, should an accident happen they would all be crushed.
5.29.3
万一
unlikely case, mishap
不怕一万,就怕万一
We’re not afraid of the usual, just the unexpected mishap.
5.30.1
无意中/无意地
accidentally
她在收拾花园时,无意中/无意地找到了这只耳环。
When she was cleaning up the garden, she accidentally found this earring.
5.30.1
无意
no intention to
无意伤害任何人。
He has no intention to hurt anyone.
5.30.2
有利
to be beneficial
适度的压力有利于我们保持良好的状态。
Moderate pressure helps us stay in good shape.
5.30.3
的确
indeed
的确是我所教过的学生中最聪明的。
He is indeed the smartest of the students I have taught.
5.31.1
Yep
A:吃了吗?B:,吃了。
A: Have you eaten? B: Yep, I did.
5.31.1
Huh?
?难道是我记错了?
Hmm… Is it that I remember correctly?
5.31.1
Man…!
!你怎么还没走啊?
(Man…) Why haven't you left yet?
5.31.2
轻易地 V
easily
他学什么都可以很轻易地记住。
What he can learn can be easily remembered.
5.31.2
轻易 V
frivolously
他从不轻易决定,决定了就不轻易转变。
He never decided easily, and he decided not to change easily.
5.32.1
密切
closely
污染和我们的日常生活密切相关。
Pollution is closely related to our daily lives.
5.32.1
密切
close (in relationship)
从此,两人来往比先前密切了。
Since then, the two have been closer than [ever] before.
5.32.1
密切
to strengthen
这条铁路大大密切了西南地区与首都的联系。
This railway has greatly strengthened the connection between the southwest and the capital.
5.32.2
尽量 (jǐnliàng)
as … as possible
尽量多骑自行车,多选择公共交通。
Try to cycle as much as possible, and choose [to use] public transportation as much as possible.
5.32.3
逐步
step by step
调整能源消费结构,逐步向可再生能源转变。
Adjust energy consumption structure and gradually shift to renewable energy.
5.33.1
照常
as usual
虽然战争临近,但这里的日常生活,一切照常
Although the war is approaching, everyday life here is as usual.
5.33.2
难怪/怪不得
no wonder
你的抽屉真乱,难怪/怪不得总是找不到东西。
Your drawer is really messy, no wonder you can never find [your] things.
5.33.2
难怪/怪不得
understandable
他从来不操心孩子的事。这也难怪/怪不得,他那么忙,哪儿有时间啊。
He never concerns [himself] with his children’s problems (lit. matters). But that’s no surprise. He’s so busy, how could he find the time?
5.33.3
与其……()不如……
Instead of… it’s better to…
与其堵在路上,不如改乘公交出行。
Instead of being stuck on the road, it would be better to use public transit instead.
5.34.1
总之
In short
我想去上海、南京,杭州……总之想去南方转转。
I want to go to Shanghai, Nanjing, Hangzhou... In short, I want to go south.
5.34.2
V
V away
他转身,一句话也不说。
He turned (his body) away, and didn’t say a word.
5.34.2
V
V over, V by
短短的几分钟里,我的脑子里闪了很多想法。
In as little as a few minutes, many thoughts flashed by my mind.
5.34.3
V
V open
猴子突然站了起来,张手臂抱住了管理员。
The monkey suddenly stood up and opened his arm and hugged the zookeeper.
5.35.1
赶快
quickly, urgently
我下个月要搬家, 得赶快找房子。
I have to move next month, I have to find housing quickly.
5.35.2
a piece of
天上飘着一云。
There is a cloud in the sky.
5.35.2
a wave of
同学们听了,发出一热烈的欢呼声。
The students listened and gave a (wave of) warm cheer.
5.35.3
根本 + negative
at all
我发现自己根本读不懂考试题。
I found myself unable to read the exam questions at all.
5.35.3
根本
root cause, fundamental
教育是国家的根本
Education is the foundation of the country.
5.35.3
根本 肯定
completely
事情已经根本解决了。
Things have been completely (lit. from the root) solved.
5.35.3
根本()
simply
根本在故意找我们的麻烦。
He is simply trying to make trouble for us.
5.36.1
除非……否则……
unless
除非再给我一个星期,否则我们无法完成任务。
Unless you give me another week, (otherwise) we can't complete the task.
5.36.1
(除非)…………
unless
(除非)你答应我的条件,我告诉你。
(Unless) you promise me, I won’t tell you.
5.36.1
除非
except
这种机器,除非李阳,没人修得好。
This kind of machine, except Li Yang, no one can fix.
5.36.2
V1 (O) V2
V1 O so much that O V2
父亲听说儿子卖了房子,气(他)发抖。
The father heard that his son had sold the house. He was so angry that he kept on shivering.
5.36.2
直到
untill
直到今天,我也不明白他当时为什么发那么大脾气。
Until today, I don’t understand why he had such a bad temper at the time.
5.36.3
反正
anyway
不管你们谁去,反正我不会去。
I don’t care if any of you go. I won’t go anyway.
5.A01
# ##
# point ##
一四
3.14
5.A02
#1 分之 #2
#2 #1-th (fraction)